Learning About Ft Sumter and the Civil War

Posted: November 24, 2012 in History & Dead People
Tags: , ,

Note from Dad- My wife took the whole family on a homeschool field trip to Coastal Carolina University to see the new Lincoln exhibit in the library. I gathered from their account that it was good information but a very boring museum exhibit with nothing interactive and very few pictures. My wife might say that the exhibit wasn’t worth the $50 ticket she received for parking in front of a fire hydrant.

Now that Abishai has learned about Fort Sumter our next step will be visiting. I’ve been there several times, but he hasn’t. It’s only about 2 hours away in Charleston SC.

Here’s Abishai’s report that he researched, typed, and picked the photos for. Abishai is just starting the third grade now.

Hope you enjoy it.

                     

The United States had a fort in Sumter. The fort was running out of supplies. Major Anderson, commander of Fort Sumter, sent word to President Abraham Lincoln that they needed to resupply or they would have to surrender Fort Sumter. President Lincoln did not like that idea because he had pledged to “hold, occupy, and posses” all Federal properties. The confederates did not care what he had pledged they would not allow any resupply on what they considered confederate soil. They told Lincoln if he tried to resupply Fort Sumter we will destroy the Fort. Lincoln told the Governor of South Carolina which was Francis W. Pickens that he was sending supply ships in.

So on April 12, 1861 at 4:30 am, the battle for Fort Sumter began. This battle went on for 36 hours on April 13 at 1pm the flagpole inside the Fort was destroyed. Col. Louis Wigfall, a former U.S. Senator, watched the battle and when he saw the flag go down he felt the Fort had taken enough damage. He took a small boat and a white handkerchief and headed for the Fort. Wigfall told Major Anderson, “You have defended your flag nobly, Sir. You have done all that it is possible to do, and General Beauregard wants to stop this fight. On what terms, Major Anderson, will you evacuate this fort?” Anderson was happy that the Col. had said evacuate instead of surrender. He was low on everything, especially energy for his men, but no one had yet died on either side.

At 2pm on April 13 a truce was called. On April 14 at 2:30pm the soldiers were turning over control of the Fort to the Confederates, during the 100gun salute, a loose spark hit a pile of ammunition and two of the Union soldiers were killed and the salute was stopped at 50 shots.

 

Fun Facts:

United States                                             Confederate States

Leaders                                   Robert Anderson                                        PGT Beauregard

Units Involved                       1st US Artillery                                            Provisional Forces of the CSA

Strength                                           85                                                                estimated 500

Casualties                                         0                                                                            0

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